Niou-mon gate
Omizuya water house
Nitenmon gate
Yashamon gate
Karamon gate
Haiden Oratory
Ainoma middle room
Honden main hall
Last instruction and sword
Koukamon gate
Okunoin inner house
Historical relics
Shinkyo bridge-Takinoo shrine


Taiyuin is a given title for the third successive Shogun Iemitsu Tokugawa. Emperor Gokoumyou gave that designation
to the mausoleum after the Iemitsu's death.

Iemitsu left the last message when he died on April 20th 1651.
"I will serve for Ieyasu even after I die."
Iemitsu respected Ieyasu deeply.

The 4th successive Shogun Ietsuna understood Iemitsu's will, and started construction on February 16th, 1652. The construction of Taiyuin was completed on April 4th, 1653.

Chief carpenter, Masakatsu Heiuchi put a lot of effort on the construction. It became the representative architecture of early Edo period. Honden main hall, Haiden oratory, Ainoma middle room are designated as national treasure. In addition to that, there are many cultural properties such as Karamon gate and Yashamon gate.

The concept of Taiyuin is different from Toshogu because Iemitsu hesitated to imitate the Toshogu Shrine. However, a lot of technique is put on the part, which does not stand out. Also, arrangement of each building is matched to landscape.

Color of Toshogu Shrine is based on white and gold, and black framing, while Taiyuin is based on gold and black, and red framing. Gold foil is more reddish compare to Toshogu Shrine.

Buildings of Taiyuin face Toshogu Shrine. It indicates Iemitsu's deep respect for Ieyasu.



Frame of "Taiyuin" is put up on the Nitenmon Gate.


Japanese/English matching list
From up to the down

Japanese
Pronunciation
Houtou
Inukimon
Okunoin
Haiden
Koukamon
Honden
Ainoma
Haiden
Karamon
Iemitsubyo Taiyuin
Shourou
Yashamon
Saijo
Korou
Nitenmon
Houko
Omizuya
Nioumon
Hokkedou

 



A part of decoration in Taiyuin




Iemitsu's armor



Nikko Tourist Association
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TEL: +81-288-54-2496 FAX: +81-288-54-2495

Nikko Tourist Association, Ashio branch office
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