Taiyuin is a given title for the third successive
Shogun Iemitsu Tokugawa. Emperor Gokoumyou gave that designation
the mausoleum after the Iemitsu's death.
the last message when he died on April 20th 1651.
"I will serve for Ieyasu even after I die."
respected Ieyasu deeply.
The 4th successive
Shogun Ietsuna understood Iemitsu's will, and started construction
on February 16th, 1652. The construction of Taiyuin was completed
on April 4th, 1653.
Masakatsu Heiuchi put a lot of effort on the construction. It became
the representative architecture of early Edo period. Honden main
hall, Haiden oratory, Ainoma middle room are designated as national
treasure. In addition to that, there are many cultural properties
such as Karamon gate and Yashamon gate.
of Taiyuin is different from Toshogu because Iemitsu hesitated to
imitate the Toshogu Shrine. However, a lot of technique is put on
the part, which does not stand out. Also, arrangement of each building
is matched to landscape.
Toshogu Shrine is based on white and gold, and black framing, while
Taiyuin is based on gold and black, and red framing. Gold foil is
more reddish compare to Toshogu Shrine.
of Taiyuin face Toshogu Shrine. It indicates Iemitsu's deep respect