Many of trees in the garden were gathered from the whole country.
These trees are harmonized well with geographical feature, which
as ups and downs. It looks like a natural forest.
Especially, kinds of maple, cherry and azalea
are frequently seen. There are 24 kinds of maple in Japan and 22
of these grow in this garden. Also, there are 10 kinds of wild cherry
trees, and are about 80 kinds of azalea.
Most of the plants are seen everywhere of the garden,
but a few kinds were grown in a garden of marsh plant, and a garden
of Alpine plant. These kinds need a special condition to grow.
The garden of alpine plant is worth seeing. An artificial mountain
is created by lava in order to make a closer environment to the
reality. There are 5 places in the garden.
On the contrary, the garden of marsh is made for
raising the marsh plant. About 100 kinds grow in that garden.
The emperor of Taisho period took a walk around
this garden frequently when he visited Nikko to pass the summer.
Also, a memorial garden was built for that. There is a chestnut
tree, which is called "Oboushi-kakeno^kurinoki" (The chestnut
tree that the emperor hooked his hat on the branch.) A moat is located
in the middle of the garden, and eastside of the moat is a part
of the former Tamozawa Imperial Villa. That villa became a part
of the Nikko Botanical Garden in 1950. Bridge on the river of Tamozawa,
stone lantern remain old times.
The Nikko Botanical Garden is a branch of Koishikawa
Botanical Garden in Bunkyo ward of Tokyo. Tokugawa government made
Koishikawa tea garden in 1684, and it was passed down to today's
Koishikawa Botanical Garden.